The automotive industry in China has been facing challenges in recent months, with car sales experiencing a significant decline for the third consecutive month in June 2024. According to data released by the China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM), sales of passenger vehicles, including sedans, SUVs, and MPVs, fell by 11.9% year-on-year to 1.95 million units.

This decline is attributed to a combination of factors, including the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, rising production costs, and supply chain disruptions. The resurgence of COVID-19 cases in major Chinese cities has led to lockdowns and travel restrictions, which have hindered consumer confidence and reduced demand for vehicles.

Moreover, the global semiconductor shortage has affected the production of vehicles worldwide, and China has not been spared from this issue. The limited availability of chips has forced automakers to scale back production and adjust their delivery schedules, further contributing to the decline in sales.

In addition to these external factors, the Chinese automotive market is also facing increased competition from electric vehicles (EVs). As consumers become more environmentally conscious, EVs are gaining popularity, which is posing a challenge to traditional gasoline-powered vehicles.

Specific Market Trends

The decline in car sales in June 2024 was not uniform across all segments. Sedan sales fell by 16.2% year-on-year to 693,000 units, while SUV sales dropped by 9.9% to 1.03 million units. MPV sales, on the other hand, increased by 6.5% to 229,000 units.

Among major automakers, the decline in sales was particularly pronounced for domestic Chinese brands. Sales of Chinese-branded passenger vehicles fell by 14.5% year-on-year, while sales of foreign-branded vehicles declined by a more modest 7.9%.

This trend indicates that foreign automakers are maintaining their market share in China despite the overall decline in sales. This can be attributed to their strong brand recognition and high-quality products, which appeal to discerning Chinese consumers.

Impact on the Industry

The declining car sales in China have had a significant impact on the automotive industry. Automakers have been forced to adjust their production plans and sales strategies to cope with the reduced demand.

Some automakers have offered incentives and discounts to attract consumers, while others have announced plans to cut production or temporarily close plants. The downturn in the automotive sector is also affecting related industries, such as auto parts suppliers and dealerships.

Government Response

The Chinese government is aware of the challenges facing the automotive industry and has taken steps to address the situation. In addition to implementing measures to contain the COVID-19 pandemic, the government has announced plans to support the development of the EV industry.

The government is also considering providing subsidies and tax incentives to automakers to encourage the production and sale of EVs. These measures are expected to help stimulate demand for vehicles and support the sustainable growth of the automotive industry in China.


The outlook for the Chinese automotive industry remains uncertain. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and supply chain disruptions are expected to continue to pose challenges in the short term. However, the long-term prospects for the industry are seen as positive.

China is the world's largest automotive market, and the government's support for the EV industry is expected to drive significant growth in this segment. As the global semiconductor shortage eases and COVID-19 restrictions are lifted, demand for vehicles is expected to rebound, boosting the automotive industry in China.

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