According to the Federation of Automobile Dealers Associations (FADA), retail car sales in India experienced a decline in June 2023 compared to the same period last year. This downturn is attributed to several factors, including extreme heatwaves across the country.

Factors Contributing to the Decline

  • Heatwaves: Soaring temperatures during the month led to a decrease in customer footfall at dealerships as people sought refuge from the scorching heat.
  • Fuel Price Hikes: Rising fuel prices have made car ownership more expensive, deterring potential buyers.
  • Inflation: High inflation rates have eroded consumer purchasing power, affecting the affordability of cars.
  • Interest Rate Hikes: Increased interest rates on auto loans have made financing cars more costly.
  • Supply Chain Disruptions: Ongoing supply chain challenges have limited the availability of certain car models.

Segment-Wise Performance

Across different segments of the car market, the decline in sales was observed in:

  • Passenger Vehicles: Sales fell by 9.5% year-over-year, from 242,952 units in June 2022 to 219,671 units in June 2023.
  • Two-Wheelers: Sales dropped by 11.8%, from 1,214,604 units to 1,064,100 units.
  • Commercial Vehicles: Sales declined by 18.8%, from 66,883 units to 54,330 units.

Regional Variations

The impact of the heatwaves on car sales was particularly pronounced in certain regions of India, such as:

  • North India: Extreme temperatures led to a significant slowdown in sales in states like Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and Punjab.
  • Central India: Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh also experienced notable declines in sales due to the heat.
  • West India: Gujarat and Maharashtra saw a moderate drop in car sales, but the impact was less severe compared to other regions.

Industry Outlook

Despite the current challenges, the auto industry remains optimistic about the long-term prospects of the Indian market.

  • Rising Demand: India's growing population and increasing disposable incomes are expected to drive future car demand.
  • Electric Vehicles: The government's push for electric vehicle adoption is creating new opportunities for the industry.
  • Upcoming Festivals: Traditional festivals like Diwali and Navratri typically boost car sales, providing hope for a rebound in the second half of the year.

Government Measures

The Indian government has acknowledged the slowdown in car sales and is considering measures to address the issue:

  • Fuel Subsidies: The government has been urged to provide subsidies to cushion the impact of rising fuel prices.
  • Interest Rate Reduction: Industry stakeholders have requested the central bank to lower interest rates to make auto loans more affordable.
  • Tax Incentives: Tax incentives for electric vehicle purchases could boost demand and promote sustainability.


The decline in retail car sales in India during June 2023 is a reflection of the challenging economic environment and extreme weather conditions. However, the auto industry remains cautiously optimistic about the long-term growth potential of the market. Government support and industry efforts will be crucial in driving recovery and sustaining future car sales in India.

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